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1 Combat Group fonds
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3 cm of textual records
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1 Canadian Infantry Brigade was formed on 15 October 1953 in Germany, and took over the command Headquarters and staff of the 27 Canadian Infantry Brigade which had been removed from the order of battle. On 28 June 1968 the land combat and combat support units of Mobile Command were reorganized into self-contained combat group formations comprising infantry, armour, artillery and supporting services. These groupings of units allowed command to be exercised in Canada, when units were not otherwise tasked or assigned. In combat the groups and their service support formed the basic units which could be assigned different tasks. 1 Canadian Infantry Brigade Group was redesignated as 1 Combat Group, integrated with Canadian Forces Base Calgary from the already established units, and placed under one commander responsible for both. 1 Combat Group headquarters was tasked with assisting in the training of units and the administration of support to units assigned to both the combat group and CFB Calgary. On 16 March 1973 the headquarters unit of 1 Combat Group was renamed 1 Combat Group Headquarters and Signal Squadron. The Combat Group was redesignated on 10 June 1977 as 1 Canadian Brigade Group. In September 1991, 1 Canadian Brigade Group and CFB Calgary became independent of each other, report under separate commands, 1 CBG reporting to Land Force Western Area. On 30 July 1993 its name was changed to 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group.
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Fonds consists of various documents concerning Exercise On Guard IV that took place in 1973. Documents include memoranda; general instructions on the operation; responsibilities of the operation; administrative notes; operation instructions; diagrams of ships and unit placement and a training pamphlet entitled “Training for War’ Part Three - Unit and Formation Training,” WO9626 (Part 3).
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The immediate source of acquisition is unknown.
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The following related material can be found in the Document Collection:
76/267 Exercise Old Hat Report; tactical air support. 12 January 1970. Classified.
Associated materials can be found at Library and Archives Canada. The title is “1 Combat Group, Headquarters, Calgary”, and the reference number is R112-49-X-E (formerly RG-24-G-14-1).
No further accruals are expected.
The purpose of Exercise On Guard was to provide realistic training for Commando Groups, to exercise Commando Groups in seaborne operations, to practice Commando Group raids in the United Nations setting and to practice Commando Groups in amphibious raiding operations.